Podcast #102 CREATE and DESTROY

Published in the category Grammar and Usage, Word Study

Welcome to Podcast 102 of ESL Aloud, where you learn to speak English by speaking English. In this lesson we are going to look at two powerful basic words and many words that are built using these two words as a foundation. The two words are create and destroy. Here are all the words you will be practising:

create    creation    creativity    creative    uncreative    creator    creationsim    creationist   recreate recreation(ree)    recreation(reh)    recreational

destroy    destruction    destructive    destructiveness
self-destructive    indestructible

The central meaning of the verb create is to bring something into being, to cause something to exist. You can create a business plan, you can create music, you can create a riot, you can create an atmosphere of fear. Whatever you create was not there before you created it.

Ready. Let’s begin. We’ll start with the basic verb create.

She plans to create a beautiful garden.
The walls were covered with artwork he had created.
Why was this spot chosen to create a park?
Some medicines create their own problems.
The room is designed to create a sense of peace.
There’s a new app for creating 3D models.

Creation can mean the act of creating or the thing that is created.

The creation of the Internet involved many people.
That dress was a creation inspired by wildflowers.

The noun creativity and adjective creative refer to the ability or capacity to go beyond traditional patterns or rules, to do things in an original way.

Your science project shows a lot of creativity.
Teachers saw signs of creativity in him at an early age.
It takes creativity to prepare tasty salt-free meals.
Leonardo da Vinci was a creative genius.
Creative parents can do a lot for autistic children.

The adjective uncreative has the opposite meaning of creative.

This artwork is uncreative and overpriced.
Uncreative educators can do more harm than good.

A creator is someone or something who creates. People who believe in a single god often refer to god as the Creator or your Creator spelled with a capital C.

This Windows program is a calendar creator.
He was the creator of several TV detective series.
The bible says to act in a way to please your Creator.

The related words creationism and creationist are fairly new to English. They refer to the idea that the world and its inhabitants did not evolve over millions of years of evolution. Rather, they were created in one instant by a supernatural being.

Creationism denies Darwin’s theory of evolution.
Can a person be a creationist and a scientist?

The verb recreate and noun recreation refer to building something that is identical to something that existed in the past.

She recreated her wedding dress as a paper sculpture.
The exhibit was a recreation of a cabin on the Titanic.

The noun recreation and the adjective recreational refer to enjoyable activites that refresh the mind and body. Note that recreation(reh) and recreation(ree) have the same spelling. You can see and hear the word create in these words. The basic idea is that you regain your energy. You are, in a way, created again, or re-created.

They just built a new recreation center for seniors.
It is unhealthy not to have daily recreational activity.
This park has a golf course and other recreational facilities.

Now that you are very familiar with the idea of creating things, let’s look on the darker side where the opposite of creating takes place. The verb destroy means to ruin something by breaking it down into useless fragments. You can destroy a building or even a city, you can destroy a person’s hopes for a happy future, and you can destroy a reputation.

The gas explosion destoyed a whole block of buildings.
It was alcohol that destroyed his marriage.
Our tomato crop was destroyed by a fungus.

Destruction can be the act of destroying or the result of a destructive act.

The tornados caused a lot of destruction.
He ordered the destruction of secret documents.
The destruction of the ozone layer is of great concern.

The adjective destructive and the noun destructiveness refer to the ability to destroy.

The destructive capability of this bomb is terrifying.
Neglected dogs can often display destructive behavior.
Is the destructiveness of hurricanes increasing?

The adjective self-destructive describes actions or habits that cause harm to oneself.

Self-destructive behavior can be hard to understand.
Some people truly have a self-destructive personality.

Finally, to end on a positive note, something is indestructible if it cannot be destroyed.

He has an indestructible faith in the future.
My love for you is indestructible.
Do you really believe in indestructible zombies?

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The ESL Aloud podcast lessons are designed for people who want to increase their abilities in speaking English as a second language (ESL).