Welcome to Podcast #119 of ESL Aloud. This is the eighth lesson that deals with the prepositions that come after certain adjectives. The adjective constructions you will practice in this lesson are: kind of, kind to, nice of, nice to, married to, nervous about, nervous over, pleased with, pleased about, responsible for, responsible to.
kind of / to
The adjective kind means caring or warm hearted. If I say It was kind of Vincent to visit Mrs. Cooper in the hospital this means that Vincent’s visit to Mrs. Cooper was an act of kindness.
It was kind of Luis to help me move.
It’s very kind of you to take care of my dog.
It’s so kind of you to listen to my problems.
How kind of Nadia to pay for our meal.
When you perform an active of kindness to benefit a person, you are kind to that person.
My niece is always kind to her little brother.
People should be kind to one another.
Be kind to animals.
The construction kind of can mean somewhat or rather. In this use, it is interchangeable with sort of.
She is kind of tough.
She is sort of tough.
She is rather tough
The weather has been kind of rainy.
The weather has been sort of rainy.
The weather has been somewhat rainy.
I’m kind of tired.
I’m sort of tired.
I’m a bit tired.
nice of / to
The constructions nice of and nice to fit into the same pattern as kind of and kind to.
It was nice of you to send a get-well card.
It was nice of him to get us football tickets..
He is very nice to his parents.
They were nice to me in the hospital.
She is married to a very nice man.
He is married to his work.
nervous about / over
The adjective nervous means anxious, uneasy, somewhat fearful. The structure nervous about and nervous over mean the same thing. Nervous about can be used in all types of situations. Nervous over is used more for issues that affect society in general or large segments of the population. So, for example, you could be nervous about going to a party where you don’t know anyone, but you would most likely be nervous over the possibility of nuclear war.
Are you nervous about your job interview?
I have nothing to be nervous about.
The teacher was nervous about using the new textbook
People are nervous over the change in government.
Officials were nervous over the new law.
Investors are nervous over a possible trade war.
pleased with / about
If you are pleased with something, you are satisfied with it, it meets your standards. If you are pleased about something, you feel positive about it, you are happy about it. Most often, either of the two constructions can fit in the same spot.
He was pleased with his pay raise.
Are you pleased with your new house?
We were not pleased with the hotel room.
She is pleased about the new bus schedule.
My parents are not pleased about my drinking.
The staff is pleased about the new vacation policy.
responsible for / to
You are responsible for a past action or event if you caused that action to occur. Usually, this is a negative event.
The camper was responsible for the forest fire.
He was responsible for the loss of their house.
You are responsible for a repeated action if it is your obligation to make sure it happens.
The manager is responsible for locking up the store.
The children are responsible for doing the dishes.
If another person’s actions or condition is largely or totally dependent on you, you are responsible for that person.
She is legally responsible for her grandmother.
At the beach, I am responsible for my little sister.
The construction responsible to usually indicates a situation where one person reports to another in an organization.
The salesmen are responsible to the Director of Sales.
A governor should feel responsible to the people.