Podcast #3 Expressing Obligation

Published in the category Communicating, General Practice

You must arrive here no later than 5 o’clock.
You have to arrive here no later than 5 o’clock.
You have got to arrive here no later than 5 o’clock.

You must be careful what you say around children.
You have to be careful what you say around children.
You have got to be careful what you say around children.

The contract must be signed by a witness.
The contract has to be signed by a witness.
The contract has got to be signed by a witness.

Laura has to pick up her son at school.
Then she has to call several people to arrange a meeting.
After that, she has to prepare dinner.
After dinner she has to pay some bills.

She always has to ask her husband to do something three times.
Mr. Fisher often has to do work on the weekend.
I hope I never have to move again.
He sometimes has to react very quickly.

Next year, Peter has to work very hard.
Next year, Peter will have to work very hard.

Tomorrow, you have to wash the car.
Tomorrow, you will have to wash the car.

Someday soon I have to talk to my brother.
Someday soon I will have to talk to my brother.

Two years ago I had to spend a week in the hospital.
Last Wednesday I had to work late.
This morning I had to get up quite early.

I don’t have to answer the phone if I don’t want to.
The students did not have to review Chapter 14.
My friend will not have to appear in court.

You must not smoke inside the building.
You must not spend more than 30 minutes for lunch.
You must not lie to me when I ask you a question.

This must be the worst snowstorm in 30 years.
This has to be the worst snowstorm in 30 years.
This has got to be the worst snowstorm in 30 years.

You must be kidding.
You have to be kidding.
You have got to be kidding.

I have got to call my friend Susan.
She must be really angry with me.
I have to explain why I didn’t call for so long.
I’ll have to be very careful about what I say.
I don’t have to tell everything that’s on my mind.
But I’ve got to be basically honest with her.

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The ESL Aloud podcast lessons are designed for people who want to increase their abilities in speaking English as a second language (ESL).