Podcast #75 Phrasal Verbs with GO — Part 2

Published in the category Grammar and Usage, Phrasal Verbs

go by is used to describe the passage of time

The years go by so quickly.

Time goes by slowly in prison

You can also use go by to mean stopping in at someone’s house.

We went by Jack’s house to see if he was feeling better.

go by can mean to act or think according to some influence. If you “go by the rules,” it means you act according to the rules, you follow the rules

She is someone who always goes by the rules.

You can’t always go by what you hear.

go by can refer to the name a person uses for himself.

That’s Mervin, but he goes by the name Smokey.

Some people go by their middle name.

Many Chinese businessmen go by their English name.

The phrasal verb go down has many meanings. Here is a selection.

go down can refer to the sun slipping below the horizon.

The sky turned red as the sun went down.

go down can mean to decrease or get smaller

My weight went down five pounds last month.

Company sales have gone down since January.

Her pain went down after they applied ice to her wound.

go down can mean to happen, usually referring to a human action. You can often hear this use of go down on American crime programs on TV.

There’s a drug deal going down in that doorway.

I can’t find out what went down in that meeting.

The question “What’s going down?” is urban slang, or street talk, and means “What’s the news?” or “What’s happening ?” In this use, you would hear or say “goin’” as a slight contraction of “going”

Hey, man, what’s goin’ down?

go down or go downhill can mean to get worse.

The quality of TV programs went down in the 70s.

That restaurant has really gone downhill.

go down can mean to fall from a height or to tip over and possibly sink in water.

The plane got hit and went down in flames.

Huge ships went down like toys in the tsunami.

go down can refer to something being swallowed.

These pills are coated so they go down very easily.

The phrase go down to can have the same meaning as go to. Note that go down to can always be replaced by go to. But the opposite is not true: go to cannot always be replaced by go down to.

Yesterday we all went down to the beach.

On Friday I went down to a coffee shop for lunch.

Could you go down to the car and wait for me there?

go down well can mean to be accepted or tolerated.

Her leaving school did not go down well with her parents.

The budget reductions did not go down well with the voters.

go down can refer to losing in a sports contest.

The Lakers went down 97 to 105 against the Celtics.

go for can mean to especially like

I really go for Brazilian jazz.

The negative not go for can mean to not accept or not like or not approve of.

I don’t go for the way you joke about serious matters.

She didn’t go for his looks.

A lot of girls don’t go for quiet guys.

I don’t go for drinking and driving.

go for can mean to apply to

These rules go for everyone in this room.

What I said goes for you too, Jack.

go for can be used to describe a selling price.

That house will go for over one million dollars.

I bet that car goes for at least fifty thousand dollars.

go for can mean to aim at or aspire to.

When you compete, always go for the gold.

go for can refer to walking or riding.

Do you want to go for a drive in the country?

He went for a long walk.

go for can mean to attack

Without warning, the dog went for my hand.

The phrase go for  it means to do your best or to give it a try.

If there’s something you want to do, just go for it.

The phrase I could go for is usually used to express the desire for something to eat or drink.

Right now I could go for a cup of hot coffee.

I could go for a beer and pizza, how about you?

Make a comment

The ESL Aloud podcast lessons are designed for people who want to increase their abilities in speaking English as a second language (ESL).